PDF FREE [Did Muhammad Exist?]

  • Hardcover
  • 254
  • Did Muhammad Exist?
  • Robert Spencer
  • English
  • 21 May 2020
  • 9781610170611

Robert Spencer ¹ 5 Free read

Robert Spencer ¹ 5 Free read Summary Õ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¹ Robert Spencer review Did Muhammad Exist? Inscription may refer not to Muhammad but astonishingly to Jesus How the oldest records referring to a man named Muhammad bear little resemblance to the now standard Islamic account of the life of the prophet The many indications that Arabian leaders fashioned Islam for political reasons Far from an anti Islamic polemic Did Muhammad Exist is a sober but unflinching look at the origins of one of the world’s major religions While Judaism and Christianity have been subjected to searching historical criticism for than two centuries Islam has never received the same treatment on any significant scaleThe real story of Muhammad and early Islam has long remained in the shadows Robert Spencer brings it into the light at long last. This book presents evidence that just don t support its conclusions Just for example the fact that Byzantine documents did not use the term Muslim means less than nothing Well into the 20th century the most common term in English was Mohammedan Does that mean Muslims didn t exist until 1950If you re looking for something on the historical Muhammad go somewhere else Imagine you re looking for something on the historical Muhammad go somewhere else

review Did Muhammad Exist?Did Muhammad Exist?

Robert Spencer ¹ 5 Free read Summary Õ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¹ Robert Spencer review Did Muhammad Exist? Archaeological findings and pioneering new scholarship to reconstruct what we can know about Muhammad the ur’an and the early days of Islam The evidence he presents challenges the most fundamental assumptions about Islam’s origins Did Muhammad Exist reveals How the earliest biographical material about Muhammad dates from at least 125 years after his reported death How six decades passed before the Arabian conuerors or the people they conuered even mentioned Muhammad the ur’an or Islam The startling evidence that the ur’an was constructed from existing materials including pre Islamic Christian texts How even Muslim scholars acknowledge that countless reports of Muhammad’s deeds were fabricated Why a famous mosue. I like a book where I learn a lot especially when I don t expect to One thing I should say coming into this is that I did know a little bit about Islam and it s followers For example I know that Moslems will not let anyone critically study the uran Well you can but you risk being killed especially if you re Muslim Also the Muslims don t like archeology Remember the Taliban blowing up the famous Buddha s That s what Muslims do The Saudis do it all the time Also I ve always had uestions just from my reading of the uran and information about Muhammad For example Mecca is supposed to have been a famous trading center but I ve never been able to see how it could be It s in the center of the Arabian desert Who would go there to trade and why but that s always just been my own thoughtsSecond I know that Robert Spencer is supposed to be an Islamaphobe However in reading a lot of his writings I agree with what he says He just uotes the uran and the Hadith s That s all you ve got to do Any religion that believes that camel piss is good for you because it was said so by a 7th century bandit is a crazy religion or the people who follow that are crazyNow for the book One thing that I ve never heard before is that the uotes on a famous mosue in Jerusalem are not the way it is in the uran These are some of the earliest existing uotes from the uran and they re not the way they exist in the perfect book Also Muslims do not like the perfect book to be subjected to anything closely resembling the way the Bible is studied In fact he gives examples of how when old uran s are found it s not a great find like it is when old Bible manuscripts are found but the Muslim s like to get rid of them by destroying themOK these are just a few of the evidences that Mr Spencer brings forward This is also the book where I first heard about the information that led me to read Mohammad and Charlemagne and Holy Warriors Robotics and Automation Handbook years after his reported death How six decades passed before the Arabian conuerors or the people they conuered even mentioned Muhammad the ur’an or Islam The startling evidence that the ur’an was constructed from existing materials including pre Islamic Christian texts How even Muslim scholars acknowledge that countless reports of Muhammad’s deeds were fabricated Why a famous mosue. I like a book where I learn a lot especially when I don t expect to One thing I should say coming into this is that I did know a little bit about Islam and it s followers For example I know that Moslems will not let anyone critically study the uran Well Poseidon IX #1 you can but Jeremiah ODonovan Rossa you risk being killed especially if Rural Livelihoods and Diversity in Developing Countries you re Muslim Also the Muslims don t like archeology Remember the Taliban blowing up the famous Buddha s That s what Muslims do The Saudis do it all the time Also I ve always had uestions just from my reading of the uran and information about Muhammad For example Mecca is supposed to have been a famous trading center but I ve never been able to see how it could be It s in the center of the Arabian desert Who would go there to trade and why but that s always just been my own thoughtsSecond I know that Robert Spencer is supposed to be an Islamaphobe However in reading a lot of his writings I agree with what he says He just uotes the uran and the Hadith s That s all Snow on Snow on Snow you ve got to do Any religion that believes that camel piss is good for Perenbomen bloeien wit you because it was said so by a 7th century bandit is a crazy religion or the people who follow that are crazyNow for the book One thing that I ve never heard before is that the uotes on a famous mosue in Jerusalem are not the way it is in the uran These are some of the earliest existing uotes from the uran and they re not the way they exist in the perfect book Also Muslims do not like the perfect book to be subjected to anything closely resembling the way the Bible is studied In fact he gives examples of how when old uran s are found it s not a great find like it is when old Bible manuscripts are found but the Muslim s like to get rid of them by destroying themOK these are just a few of the evidences that Mr Spencer brings forward This is also the book where I first heard about the information that led me to read Mohammad and Charlemagne and Holy Warriors

Summary Õ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¹ Robert Spencer

Robert Spencer ¹ 5 Free read Summary Õ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¹ Robert Spencer review Did Muhammad Exist? Are jihadists dying for a fiction Everything you thought you knew about Islam is about to changeDid Muhammad existIt is a uestion that few have thought or dared to ask Virtually everyone Muslim and non Muslim alike takes for granted that the prophet of Islam lived and led in seventh century ArabiaBut this widely accepted story begins to crumble on close examination as Robert Spencer shows in his eye opening new bookIn his blockbuster bestseller The Truth about Muhammad Spencer revealed the shocking contents of the earliest Islamic biographical material about the prophet of Islam Now in Did Muhammad Exist he uncovers that material’s surprisingly shaky historical foundations Spencer meticulously examines historical records. Robert Spencer s 2012 book Did Muhammad Exist An Inuiry into Islam s Obscure Origins citing peer reviewed scholarship makes a very strong case that everything previously believed about Islam both by devout Muslims and secular historians was invented to serve imperial military political ends Islam was invented Spencer argues to provide a unifying ideology for the Arab conuest that began in the seventh century and that defeated Persia besieged Byzantium stretched to India and made it all the way to Spain by 711 Islam is different from Judaism Hinduism and Buddhism but like Christianity in this important aspect it relies on an historically real founder Christianity needs Jesus to exist Without Jesus life teaching miracles death and resurrection Christianity could not exist Just so Islam Islam is very much the vision of one man Muhammad presumed to have really lived in that sense it is entirely fitting to refer to Islam as Muhammadanism and Muslims as Muhammadans Muslims believed that Muhammad was visited by the Archangel Gabriel who dictated the Koran to him Muhammad then began sharing this new revelation with followers and eventually Muhammad instituted jihad war to establish Islam as the only faith on earth Secular historians have long accepted this narrative if not putting faith in its supernatural aspect Other sacred texts such as the Jewish Torah the Hindu Vedas and the Buddhist Sutras are the products of centuries and vast communities The Koran is the product of the alleged encounter of one man Muhammad with an archangel Gabriel Without an historical Muhammad and a reliable record of this encounter Islam has no foundations whatsoever Spencer points out that there are no contemporary or near contemporary mentions of Muhammad When Arab armies attacked and pillaged in the seventh century those they attacked often did not mention Muhammad Muslims the Koran or Islam An early document the Doctrina Jacobi of the mid seventh century refers to an Antichrist an Arab armed with a sword who is alive after Muhammad was supposed to have died Sophronius in 637 gives a devastating account of these Arab raids Barbarian raids aboundthere has been so much destruction and plunderincessant outpourings of human bloodthe birds of the sky devouring human bodieschurches pulled downthe cross mockedChrist blasphemed Spencer points out that centuries later Muslim historians whitewashed these events depicting the Arab conuest of the Holy Land as respectful and restrainedThere are early mentions of Muhammad but he is not the Muhammad of later Islam He announces himself as preparing the way for Jesus he declares that the Jews have the right to the Holy Land Violence though was a feature of this new faith whatever it was They inflict the pain of death upon anyone who seems to contradict his tradition wrote a contemporary of the Arab Conuests Arab conuerors too writes Spencer did not mention Islam or Muhammad at first and when they began to mention them they did so in a way that differs from the understanding of Islam today For example Arab conuerors struck coins with the word Muhammad combined with a Christian cross Christian crosses are anathema in today s Islam As late as the eighth century Arab rulers are announcing themselves as worshipping The Lord of Moses and Aaron not Muhammad 61 Inscriptions on the seventh century Dome of the Rock seem to indicate that the Koran was not codified by that time and one interpretation argues that these inscriptions show that early Arab invaders weren t uite sure whom they worshipped possibly Jesus Clarity of the Islamic messages as totally different from Christianity may have come about because of pressure from rebel factions and Caliph Abd al Malik s need to unify troops 58 It is possible that Abd al Malik expropriated and expanded on the nascent Muhammad myth for his own political purposes 59 Certainly lines emerge that support political power eg obedience to the Caliph in his every demand was compulsory for the population 60 Islam itself and Muslims themselves repeatedly acknowledge fabricated material about Muhammad Muslims attempting to establish their idea of who Muhammad was and what Islam should be protest against what they allege to be fabricated material and develop ways to lend an air of credibility to their material My facts are better than so and so s facts because I got my facts from a reliable source than so and so There is no support for these assertions There are no extra Islamic mentions of Muhammad to rely on and no contemporary documents Believers are simply to leave their inuiring minds at the door and accept the biographical details about Muhammad that are supported by the biggest guns Accepted biographical details about Muhammad are self contradictory Muhammad famously did not perform any miracles except when he did perform miracles he forbids then praises innovation Muhammad forbids then encourages the killing of women and children 77 There are many such contradictions Spencer points out that these contradictions can easily be understood in light of the political needs of the person producing the biological detail If a given contemporary political problem reuired Muhammad to do or say x y or z he could be made to do so 66 This cynical view is not limited to non Muslims Emirs forced people to write hadiths an early Islamic scholar protested 71 One leader demanded a hadith that forbade pilgrimage to Mecca considered a pillar of Islam today 72 Islam insists that these biographical details were passed down since the lifetime of Muhammad but there is no early record of them 68 69 Bukhari author of a respected collection of hadiths traversed the Muslim world collecting hadiths and he rejected 293000 of them as fabricated Bukhari was a Persian born in Uzbekistan two hundred years after Muhammad died Bukhari was not an Arab There is no good reason to accept his work as factual Ibn Isha Muhammad s first biographer did not write until over a hundred years after the death of Muhammad and his work no longer exists It is known only by later references to it made two hundred years after Muhammad died This work s author admitted that he presents only a bowdlerized version At least one Muslim historian regarded Ibn Isha as unreliable 88 Another alleges that Jews are to blame for Ibn Isha s problems 90 Ibn Isha assigns dates to every event in Muhammad s life None of those dates occur during time periods that existed before a renovation of the calendar This seems to indicate the dates were fabricated by an author unaware of that calendric innovation 98 When assessing ancient texts scholars seek support for the texts in still extant archaeological sites Archaeology seems to contradict Muhammad s received biography It contradicts what is known about Mecca 104 5 When assessing texts scholars consider the criterion of embarrassment Does the text contain material that might embarrass If so it is likely to be true Those who argue for the authenticity of Muhammad material cite his marriage when he was fifty plus to a six year old girl and his demanding that his son relinuish his wife and allow Muhammad to marry his own daughter in law Spencer claims that these details might jibe with seventh century Arab warlord needs and values The Koran is a notoriously incoherent book It is unlike other world scriptures whose narratives and values are usually readily apparent to non members even on a first read through One estimate states that 20 % of the Koran simply makes no sense 149 Islam s theological flux is explained with a Koranic verse that says that Allah gives better verses to abrogate inferior ones 128 131 The Koran is said to be all but divine but passing influences dictate its contents 128 9 Muslim traditions state that some Koranic verses disappeared 135 137 Scholarship backs this up analysis shows that the Koran is the result of several authors working over the course of many years 138 9 Finally Spencer argues that the Koran was based largely on pre existent Jewish and mainstream and heretical Christian material from the Bible and folklore 148 9 Much of this material was obviously misunderstood for example the Koran describing Jesus as Moses nephew Again Islamic tradition supports this view announcing that Muhammad s critics called him merely someone who heard and regurgitated Jewish and Christian tradition fairy tales of the ancients he has written down 146 7 Many words in the Koran make no sense in Arabic or any known language It is possible that these words are the results of errors If one understands the Koran in the context of the Syriac language and the Christian heresy of Arianism it begins to make sense but it is a much less Islamic text It is not the uniue revelation of God to a prophet but simply a misunderstood and misused text Translated correctly the Koran may contain celebrations of the Last Supper of Christmas and a Christian confession of faith Did Muhammad exist Spencer says that he possibly did but scholarship shows that he is not the prophet of a coherent and new revelation but rather that his name was used to unify and rally an imperialist expansionist Arab conuest That conuest s scripture was a garbled version of a Jewish and Christian substratum that evolved in response to military needs