(The Body Politic) [PDF/EBOOK] õ Jean–Jacques Rousseau

Jean-Jacques Rousseau ´ 9 read

The Body Politic

review The Body Politic ☆ E-book, or Kindle E-pub free read The Body Politic Rom its peopleOne of 46 new books in the bestselling Little Black Classics series to celebrate the first ever Penguin Classic in 1946 Each book gives readers a taste of the C. This work played an influential role in the French Revolution In here Rousseau argued that a state s political power should lie with its people next thing we know the monarchs were overthrown and replaced byuhBook I Of The Social ContractRousseau affirms that family is the first model of political societies with the father as the ruler and children as people Once the children reach the age of reason they become their own masters they alienate their liberty when either necessary or useful to them The difference is that in a family setting ruling is derived from love while in the State ruling is derived from the pleasure of commanding If you have to obey by force you do not obey by duty and if you do not obey by duty you do not need to obey at all Strength does not spawn right to command even though it seems like it Yielding to force is an act of necessity and at times even prudence not of will You are obliged to obey only legitimate powers but who holds the legitimate power Grotius asks If an individual can alienate his liberty and sell himself to a master why could not a whole people alienate its own and subject itself to a king To alienate is to renounce your character your liberty your morality There is no or at least there should be no compensation euivalent to a human being Absolute authority of one and boundless obedience of another is a contradictory and pointless convention A slave has no right against his master since all that he has belongs to his master A slave s right is not his but his master s When a man alienates himself he does not give himself he sells himself for subsistence For what then do the people sell itself For subsistence A king provides subsistence for his subjects the same way his subjects provide his own might I add extravagant subsistence For fear of being robbed of property The people have no property For peace King s wars caused by insatiable greed and personal ambitions inflicted misery than harmony Do the people sell themselves freely then The Sovereign or the body politic neither has nor can have any interest contrary to theirs Thus duty and interest enable two parties to help each other out No man was born free and everywhere he is in chains Book III Of The Social ContractRousseau starts by introducing two causes of every free action moral will that determines the act and physical will that executes it If you want to piss you would naturally want to go to the comfort room to do this you would also naturally have to use your feet and move Should a differently abled man wish to run or Usain Bolt wish to sit both will remain where they are This is pretty much how the Legislative and Executive branches of the government work The Legislature acts as an agent of the general will of the people and the Executive well executes said will There s this really interesting experiment in the book First we know that the Sovereign can only be considered collectively eg Sovereign Filipino people but each individual is called a citizen Now the Philippines has a hundred million citizens The sovereign is to citizen as 100 million is to one Ergo each citizen has only one over one hundred millionth part 000000001% of the sovereign authority I m really bad at explaining maths but I hope that made sense Rousseau goes further and explains that the larger the state the strength the government must have in order to contain its subjects the temptations and tendency to abuse power and the the sovereignty citizens must have to contain the government In short there must be parity between the government and the citizens This only means that no two governments are alike that there can be as many types of government as states differ in size Rousseau identifies three different wills of the government personal will directed for private gain corporate will of the members for their common advantage and general will of the people In a perfect government the first must be nonexistent the second subordinate to the last and the last the dominating will However wills are active when they are concentrated when it involves less members Thus the opposite of the perfect government happens the general will is always the weakest The government slackens to the extent that magistrates multiply Is this to say that the best government is that of a single ruler hmmmmmmMEach form of government has its inadeuacies Democracy with its vagueness and tendency to be abused and corrupted Democracy degenerates into Ochlocracy Rousseau even points out that no true democracy has existed nor ever will exist It is against the nature of man to submit himself willfully to a government comprised of a small number of men Aristocracy with its institutional ineuality that puts the wealthy on the pedestal Aristocracy degenerates into Oligarchy The wealthy deliberating affairs by themselves and for themselves is the government Monarchy with all its powers concentrated to a single Monarch The whole state is ridden by personal will Monarchy degenerates into Tyranny Everything moves towards the same end whether it is good or bad for the general will is wholly to the Monarch s decision The consistency of the royal government depends on the character of the ruling monarch The whole state can either be under the rule of a wise king a child a monster or an idiot depending on the succession Chapter 15 Of Deputies or Representatives left uite a mark on me Here Rousseau elucidates the role of money in any State Okay sure everybody knows about how money makes the world go round what s new What s new is that things shouldn t work like that or at least wholly Must we really go to war We pay the military and stay home for that Must we really enter politics We elect and pay officials and stay home for that We pay to exempt ourselves from duties We pay for comfort Sure you can say I worked hard for my money I get to decide what do with it except you don t Let me remind you of Marx s words okay not exact words you don t acuire money or any property through your labor what you acuire exploits you When people serve with money rather than with persons public services cease to be the main objective the State is a mockery In a truly free state citizens do everything with their own hands and nothing with money Rousseau also has a very interesting take on modern system of representation aka elections In ancient republics and monarchies the people never had representatives The word as we know it now didn t exist until the 16th century Republican states like to boast freedom but as soon as the people elect representatives it ceases to be free It would be absurd if the citizens united could not do what each of them can do separately

free read The Body Politic

review The Body Politic ☆ E-book, or Kindle E-pub free read The Body Politic 'No true Democracy has ever existed nor ever will exist'In this selection from The Social Contract Rousseau asserts that a state's only legitimate political authority comes f. This is one of these editions that are mostly interesting for the historical importance in this instance the French revolution As such I thought it was interesting to read some of it just like most of the political works in the Little Black Classics collection but I would not pick up a complete work of Rousseau because I thought the writing was very dry and not that pleasant to read Little Black Classics 82 Find this and other reviews on my blog

free download ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ´ Jean-Jacques Rousseau

review The Body Politic ☆ E-book, or Kindle E-pub free read The Body Politic Lassics' huge range and diversity with works from around the world and across the centuries including fables decadence heartbreak tall tales satire ghosts battles and elephan. An interesting read Sometimes Rousseau can waffle on a bit the sentences characteristic of the time of writing can be so long and winding in places that you have to give them a couple of goes over to properly get the point he s making That being said the points he WAS making were fascinating A lot of it is in the realms of well that s just common sense but now I ve seen it written down I ve really stopped to think about it kinds of philosophy It was especially interesting to see how much of what Rousseau wrote which was revolutionary at the time is common knowledge today like that a society cannot flourish without liberty for example If you re into political history I would say that Rousseau is up there with Marx in terms of essential reading I m definitely going to delve deeper into his works


10 thoughts on “(The Body Politic) [PDF/EBOOK] õ Jean–Jacques Rousseau

  1. says: (The Body Politic) [PDF/EBOOK] õ Jean–Jacques Rousseau

    free download ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ´ Jean-Jacques Rousseau Jean-Jacques Rousseau ´ 9 read free read The Body Politic I wouldn’t exactly call myself a political person but the work which inspired the French Revolution isn’t really something I could pass overMy first observation very early into Rousseau’s work was how difficult it was to read Although elouent the writing is long and winding repetitive in places and he seem

  2. says: free read The Body Politic Jean-Jacques Rousseau ´ 9 read free download ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ´ Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    (The Body Politic) [PDF/EBOOK] õ Jean–Jacques Rousseau The book that inspired the french revolution; will it be a dry read? NO This is a beautifully written piece of work on who rules and who is subserviant This is a work that is still important todayPage 101 The English people thinks it is free but it is uite mistaken it is free only during the election of members of parliament; as soon as these are elected it is enslaved it is nothingAnd this was written in 1762 This is as relevent today as

  3. says: Jean-Jacques Rousseau ´ 9 read (The Body Politic) [PDF/EBOOK] õ Jean–Jacques Rousseau

    (The Body Politic) [PDF/EBOOK] õ Jean–Jacques Rousseau This is one of these editions that are mostly interesting for the historical importance in this instance the French revolution As such I thought it was interesting to read some of it just like most of the politic

  4. says: (The Body Politic) [PDF/EBOOK] õ Jean–Jacques Rousseau

    free read The Body Politic (The Body Politic) [PDF/EBOOK] õ Jean–Jacques Rousseau free download ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ´ Jean-Jacques Rousseau The limits of the possible in moral things are less narrow than we think It is our weaknesses our vices and our prejudices that shrink them Mean spirits do not believe in great men at all; vile slaves smile mockingly at the word liberty If only possibility translated easily into reality Rousseau's analysis of the political climate of his day

  5. says: free read The Body Politic Jean-Jacques Rousseau ´ 9 read free download ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ´ Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    free download ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ´ Jean-Jacques Rousseau Jean-Jacques Rousseau ´ 9 read (The Body Politic) [PDF/EBOOK] õ Jean–Jacques Rousseau This work played an influential role in the French Revolution In here Rousseau argued that a state’s political power should lie with its people next thing we know the monarchs were overthrown and replaced byuhBook I Of The Social ContractRo

  6. says: (The Body Politic) [PDF/EBOOK] õ Jean–Jacques Rousseau free download ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ´ Jean-Jacques Rousseau free read The Body Politic

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau ´ 9 read free download ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ´ Jean-Jacques Rousseau free read The Body Politic Fascinating read Sharp thoughts clearly had uite a lot of impact Sometimes internally contradictory wrt ideal governments

  7. says: (The Body Politic) [PDF/EBOOK] õ Jean–Jacques Rousseau Jean-Jacques Rousseau ´ 9 read free download ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ´ Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    (The Body Politic) [PDF/EBOOK] õ Jean–Jacques Rousseau Rousseau mostly known as the title 'the father of romanticism' explores how society should be ruled by the public and not the state or government His famous line 'one is born free and tied up by society' is echoed throughout the book Extracts from the social contract in itself suggesting we are part of a business or agreement rather than just living stating what is the basis of his works we need to reform society back

  8. says: Jean-Jacques Rousseau ´ 9 read free download ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ´ Jean-Jacques Rousseau free read The Body Politic

    free read The Body Politic Jean-Jacques Rousseau ´ 9 read (The Body Politic) [PDF/EBOOK] õ Jean–Jacques Rousseau The Social Contract is a work that is philosophically constructive than Rousseau's previous discourses The language used is not crafted in such a way as to make them appealing to the public the tone of the Social Contract is

  9. says: free read The Body Politic (The Body Politic) [PDF/EBOOK] õ Jean–Jacques Rousseau free download ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ´ Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    free download ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ´ Jean-Jacques Rousseau (The Body Politic) [PDF/EBOOK] õ Jean–Jacques Rousseau An interesting read Sometimes Rousseau can waffle on a bit the sentences characteristic of the time of writing can be so long and winding in places that you have to give them a couple of goes over to properly get the point he's making That being said the points he WAS making were fascinating A lot of it is in the

  10. says: Jean-Jacques Rousseau ´ 9 read (The Body Politic) [PDF/EBOOK] õ Jean–Jacques Rousseau

    (The Body Politic) [PDF/EBOOK] õ Jean–Jacques Rousseau Good

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